Following are the other 75. To minimize further outrage, we're presenting them in alphabetical order.
Roy Acuff (1903-1992).
Fiddler, singer, music entrepreneur; enormous influence on country and popular music in the '30s and '40s, both during his Knoxville years and afterward.
Andrew Jackson Albers (1844-1910).
Wholesale drug merchant who built a huge business from a tiny retail store; civic leader, fair promoter.
Paul Y. Anderson (1893-1938).
South Knoxville-raised reporter who began with the Knoxville Journal around 1910, then went on to cover Washington for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Awarded the Pulitzer for exposing a major cover-up concerning the Teapot Dome scandal.
Max Arnstein (1858-1961).
German-born department store owner who built his seven-story "skyscraper" on Market Street in 1905; Jewish community leader and philanthropist; founded Arnstein Community Center.
Victor Ashe (1945- ).
Mayor. It's too early to assess his legacy, but Ashe's long tenure has brought both attention to downtown and annexations of new acreage into the city limits. He may be the first mayor in Knoxville history to vigorously and effectively address the city's often-cited dearth of public parks.
Dwight Kessel (1926- ).
A prodigious business leader and sometime city councilman, Kessel became Knox County's first county executive in 1980, inaugurating a new form of county government with quiet force. In his effective 14 years in office, Kessel launched industrial parks, the 911 system, and the new farmer's market.
Eleanor Audigier (1864-1931).
Promoter of the visual arts; grande dame of the Nicholson League of artists, a group dominated by impressionists th at exhibited at the Appalachian Exposition of 1910.
Albert Baumann Jr. (1897-1952).
Major architect, designed the downtown Post Office building, regarded by many architects as the best building in Knoxville, and others, among them the Andrew Johnson Hotel.
Clarence Beaman (1915-1996).
Radio entrepreneur, owner and organizer of WATE, Knoxville's first TV station.
James Garfield Beck (1881-1969).
Black educator prominent in the civil rights movement from the wake of Reconstruction to the dawn of affirmative action. A Knoxville College grad, he taught high-school English and in 1913 became Tennessee's first black postal clerk. Beck co-founded the Knoxville chapter of the NAACP in 1919; the same year, he and his wife Ethel founded Knoxville's Colored Orphanage. In 1951, at the age of 70, Beck was an unsuccessful candidate for City Council. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he lived to see the end of segregation. The Beck Cultural Center on Dandridge Avenue is named after the Becks.
Pattie Boyd (1867-1947).
One of Knoxville's first female reporters (from ca. 1885); longtime society editor for Knoxville Journal. A wealthy eccentric, she did most of her work at home and sent her dispatches in to the editor via butler.
Howard Bozeman (1919- ).
County judge (a former era's equivalent of county executive) who helped temper Cas's excesses.
Lloyd Branson (1854-1925).
Artist, portraitist, one of the best of the local "Nicholson League" of impressionist-influenced painters, ca. 1910; mentor to several artists who became better known nationally than he was, including Catherine Wiley and Beauford Delaney.
Cloide Everett Brehm (1889-1971).
UT president who guided the university's massive expansion during the '40s and '50s.
Carson Brewer (1920- ).
Columnist, author, and conservationist, Brewer has contributed his observations on natural phenomena and regional culture to the News-Sentinel for over 50 years. Strong advocate of the Dogwood Arts Festival in its better days.
Harvey Broome (1902-1968).
Knoxville attorney, journalist, vigorous Smokies Park advocate, co-founder of the National Wilderness Society.
Clarence Brown (1890-1987). A major MGM director known for both his early silents and his Golden-Age talkies (Anna Karenina, The Yearling, National Velvet, Intruder In the Dust), in later years Brown became benefactor of Knoxville's best-designed theater and, still later, the single biggest bequest in UT history. Raised in North Knoxville, Brown graduated early from Knoxville High and got his degree from UT in engineering; he originally expected to be an auto mechanic.
Charles Cansler (1871-1953).
High-school principal, author, lawyer, lobbyist, black-education advocate and teacher in several schools; helped establish a free library for blacks, 1918.
Bertha Roth Walburn Clark (1882-1974).
Founded and conducted Knoxville Philharmonic Orchestra (1923), later Knoxville Symphony Orchestra. Thanks to her efforts, it's now one of the oldest symphony orchestras in the South.
Philander P. Claxton (1862-1957).
Born in rural Tennessee, Claxton became known as "the Crusader for Public Education in the South." From 1902 to 1911, he taught some 20,000 teachers in Knoxville; during that period, he led a messianic campaign for public education that resulted in the General Education Act of 1909. Claxton later became U.S. Commissioner of Education, though he drew criticism for his outspoken pacifism during World War I. UT's education building at UT bears his name.
Jim Clayton (1934- ).
He moved his successful mobile-home operation Clayton Homes to Blount County, but Clayton, perhaps Knoxville's wealthiest capitalist at the end of the century, remains a major player here in town. He founded the Knoxville Museum of Art, and his name appears at the top of numerous other cultural contributor lists.
Jack Dance (1897-1959).
Knoxville-raised businessman who became Thomas Dewey's campaign director in two unsuccessful presidential campaigns. Dance was more successful with his own career, first as county court clerk, thenin 1955as mayor of Knoxville. An early advocate of metro government, Dance co-founded the Metropolitan Planning Commission. During his term as mayor he saw through a sweeping plan of urban renewal, including construction of the Civic Coliseum and what's now called the James White Parkway. He didn't live to see what it would look like; he died in office in 1959.
Annie Davis (1875-1957).
First female state legislator from Knox County (1925), advanced the cause of Smokies national park, which was allegedly her own idea.
Beauford Delaney (1901-1979).
Important American painter rediscovered almost 20 years after his death through a widely reviewed biography.
Mildred Doyle (1904-1989). Knox County's first female school superintendent, she held that post for 30 years.
Dr. Mary Duffy (1920-1994).
In her quarter-century as county health director (1967-1992), she remade the county health system as we know it.
Max Friedman (1888-1966).
Jeweler, Democratic politician (friend of FDR's, said to have suggested the phrase "New Deal"), progressive voice on City Council in the '50s. Advocate of urban renewal.
Nikki Giovanni (1943- ).
Poet associated with the militant Black Power movement of the 1960s, but the Austin High grad is also author of a nostalgic paean, "Knoxville, Tennessee," which has since become a popular children's book. Two of her prose works, Gemini and Racism 101 recall her childhood in Knoxville in the '40s and '50s.
William M. Goodman (1868-1934).
Editor, conservationist, organizer of 1913 National Conservation Exposition at Chilhowee Park, one early promoter of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Sarah Moore Greene (1917- ).
Prominent in the civil-rights movement of the 1960s, she served as president of the local chapter of the NAACP. The first black elected to the city School Board in 1969, she held that office for 16 years. She was honored with the name of an elementary school.
Alex Haley (1921-1992). Author, perhaps the most famous individual who ever made his home in Knoxville (he used his Norris farm mainly to entertain).
Haley became known locally as a philanthropist, supporting local public schools, but his greatest contribution may be as a symbol of black success, now represented in the city's largest statue. He bequeathed his papers to UTK.
John Hodges (1892-1967).
Louisiana-born grammarian and author of the Hodges Harbrace Handbook despised by college freshmen everywhere, Hodges was the UT English professor who in 1939 founded UT's theater program. Also a scholar of Restoration drama known for his biography of William Congreve. He's remembered in the name of UT's main library.
Andy Holt (1904-1987).
Raised in small-town Milan, Tennessee, Holt had been president of the National Education Association by the time he was appointed president of UT in 1959. For the next 11 years Holt presided over the biggest expansion in UT's history, when the student body tripled and the campus reached its current boundariesas well as the peaceful desegregation of the school.
John C. Houk (1860-1934).
After succeeding his father Leonidas Houk as Republican representative of the Second District in U.S. Congress, John Houk left Washington behind to return to state politics. Prominent in Teddy Roosevelt's Progressive Party. As a state representative and senator, led several legislative efforts, which included establishing a free public library, suppressing the Ku Klux Klan, and gaining the first major state funding for the University of Tennessee.
Ray Jenkins (1897-1980).
Nationally prominent criminal lawyer whose effective but sometimes bizarre courtroom strategies were getting attention long before his nationally televised prominence as chief counsel for the U.S. Senate (assisted by a young Robert Kennedy) during the Army v. McCarthy hearings in 1954. Author of his own life story, The Terror of Tellico Plains, Jenkins made the cover of Time magazine and was immortalized as the character of "Cragnose" in Li'l Abner. He lived in Knoxville until his death.
Kristopher Kendrick (1934- ).
Restaurateur who brought Knoxville its first multi-star restaurant is even better known as a preservationist, the juggernaut behind much of the Old City and numerous other projects.
Gustavus Knabe (1817-1906).
German-born musician, composer. Once a friend of Robert Schumann, he moved to Knoxville after the Civil War and organized the first Knoxville Philharmonic, introducing symphonic music to Knoxville.
Joseph Wood Krutch (1893-1970).
Raised in a German-American family in downtown Knoxville and educated at UT, Krutch would become a well-known author (The Modern Temper, The Measure of Man) best known in his later years as a conservationist. He left town after graduating UT in 1915 and never returned to live, but caused a stir here in 1925; covering the Scopes trial for The Nation, Krutch excoriated UT and other Knoxville leaders for not taking a public stand on the issue. His brother Charles Krutch (1887-1981) stayed in town; photographer, philanthropist, and after Joe's death, the last survivor of one of Knoxville's most creative families, Krutch willed money to establish Krutch Park downtown.
Carl Martin (1906-1979).
Jazz/blues/country guitarist, leader of the unique East Knoxville-based group Martin, Bogan, and Armstrong which made its first recordings in Knoxville in 1930.
Cormac McCarthy (1933- ).
National Book Award-winning novelist who grew up in Knoxville and attended UT. Though he traveled a great deal as a young man, he spent most of his first 45 years in Knoxville; his first four novels are set in East Tennessee. Suttree, the 1979 novel considered by many of his diehard fans to be his best, is set in downtown Knoxville. He now lives in El Paso, but visits home frequentlythough, always, very quietly.
Bruce McCarty (1921- ). Architect (City-County Building, UT Art & Architecture Building).
Knoxville's first influential advocate of modernism.
Calvin McClung (1855-1919).
Merchant, librarian; established McClung Collection annex to Lawson McGhee Library.
Brownie McGhee (1915-1996) and Stick McGhee (1918-1961).
Bluesmen, both born in Knoxville. Walter "Brownie" McGhee would become much better known with an eclectic career that ranged from accompanying Woody Guthrie in the '30s to acting in the 1986 movie, Angel Heart. However, his lesser-known younger brother Granville "Stick" McGhee may have had a greater influence on American popular music, with songs like "Drinkin' Wine (Spo-De-O-De)"; he's sometimes credited among the co-founders of rock 'n' roll.
Charles McClung McGhee (1828-1907); banker, railroad tycoon, and one of Knoxville's most influential philanthropists; established the public library system in 1885, named for his daughter who had died young. Most of his work was accomplished before 1900, but is still felt today.
Helen Ross McNabb (1910-1997).
Mental health advocate, founded Helen Ross McNabb Center.
Ben Morton (1875-1952).
A prodigious businessman and banker, Morton became mayor during a critical and not altogether successful period from 1923 to 1927 when Knoxville experimented with city-manager government and progressive urban design, Morton was also among the most influential leaders of the national-park movement.
J. Bazzel Mull (1914- ).
Gospel music's greatest impresario on radio and later TV. Quit WIVK when manager Jim Dick editorialized in favor of liquor by the drink. One of the few living characters who was mentioned in Cormac McCarthy's Suttree, a novel set in 1951 (he also appears, in disguise, in All the Pretty Horses).
John R. Neal (1876-1959).
Maverick lawyer and law professor, helped defend John Scopes and drew up charter of TVA, said to be an impressive piece of work even today. Founded John R. Neal School of Law.
Patricia Neal (1926- ).
Actor who began her career with the original Tennessee Valley Players in the 1930s. After a stroke curtailed her movie career, which brought her two Oscars, she became a philanthropist who founded the rehabilitation center here that bears her name.
Alvin Nielsen (1910-1994).
An Oak Ridge scientist who became UT's first Fulbright scholar, Nielsen was eventually longtime dean of UT's College of Liberal Arts.
Charlie Oaks (fl. 1910).
Blind guitarist credited as the first professional country musician
Angie Perkins (1858-1921).
Orator, author of travel books, pioneer politician who became the first female president of the Knoxville Board of Education (1918-1920), even before women had the vote. She was also the first Dean of Women at UT.
George and Frank Regas (fl. 1919).
Greek-born restaurateurs, these brothers founded one of the best-known restaurants in the Southas well as a family dynasty responsible for several more, including Grady's and Harry's.
Theotis Robinson (1942- ).
Black student who successfully sued to integrate UT's undergraduate student body in 1960, then became one of UT's first black undergraduates. He was later a conspicuous civic leader, serving on City Council from 1970-1978, and a newspaper columnist and television commentator.
Leonard Rogers (1912-1996).
As mayor (1965-71), Rogers used bond issues to finance several new schools, the safety building, and a new airport terminal.
William Cary Ross (1879-1956).
Influential businessman involved in numerous enterprises, helped found Knoxville Utilities Board and, in 1907, Cherokee Country Club.
Mary Utopia Rothrock (1890-1976).
Became head of Lawson-McGhee Library in 1916, presided over its shift to becoming a public institution, as well as the establishment of Knox County Library's branches. As historian, she edited the landmark study of Knox County history, The French Broad-Holston Country in 1946, and wrote numerous articles herself, mostly on the subject of regional history. Also supervised TVA's libraries for most of the '30s and '40s.
Edward Terry Sanford (1865-1930).
Knoxville attorney and judge, member of U.S. Supreme Court. In 1907 he was U.S. District Attorney, later Judge of U.S. District Court. During this period he also served as a trustee of UT and Lawson-McGhee Library. In 1923, President Harding appointed him to be a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, a post he held until his death.
William J. Savage (1859-1946).
English-born inventor and industrialist who furthered Knoxville's reputation for industrial innovation. President of Knoxville's Chamber of Commerce in the 1920s, he promoted the establishment of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Guy L. Smith (1898-1968).
Longtime Journal honcho who promoted mostly Republican agendas, but also
clean-air initiatives, as well as the Knoxville Zoo. State chairman of Republican
Party, 1948-1958. Serial delegate to Republican National Convention, he managed
Eisenhower's successful Tennessee campaign in 1952. His support in a landmark
lawsuit helped redraw state districts to make them more fair to Republicans.
Lewis Hopkins Spilman (1860-1939).
Nationally influential lawyer (attached to U.S. Supreme Court), sportswriter, chairman of Knoxville Board of Education.
Ruth Stephens (1889-1975).
Historian, one of the first female professors at UT; popular speaker and local TV commentator.
William B. Stokely III (1938- ).
Heir to the Stokely canning industry, a major UT benefactor, continuing in his family's tradition. Also a prime mover in the establishment of Knoxville's Sports Corp.
Judge Robert L. Taylor (1899-1987).
Nephew of the famous governor and senator of the same name, Taylor was one of the century's most-respected judges, a bold voice for justice in several important civil-rights cases, holding for desegregation in a case concerning UT's grad school in 1952 (before Brown vs. Board of Education), and the more-controversialand violentcase of Clinton High in 1956.
Lucy Templeton (1878-1971).
Her career as a pioneer female reporter began in 1904 as a copy editor for the Sentinel. Around 1909, she became the first female wire editor in the South. An independent-minded columnist, her seemingly innocuous "Country Calendar" column often included biting criticism of Knoxville's carelessness about its own landmarks and green spacesincluding, in 1947, a surprising column of support for John Gunther's characterization of Knoxville as the "ugliest city in America."
Kyle Testerman (1934- ).
Mayor during two non-consecutive terms during the '70s and '80s; credited with the original idea for the 1982 World's Fair.
B. Ray Thompson (1906-1987).
Philanthropist, established Thompson Cancer Survival Center.
Jim Thompson (1880-1976).
Photographer, entrepreneur. Beginning with his astonishing photos of the Gay Street Fire of 1897, Thompson chronicled Knoxville for most of his life. His photos of downtown Knoxville and other local institutions are visible in restaurants and businesses all over town.
Lucille Thornburgh (1908- ).
Strawberry Plains-raised millworker, fearless labor organizer, editor. Unionized Cherokee Spinning Co. Central to the regional mill strike known as the Uprising of 1934. Later employed by the AFL, she became the first female boardmember of the Tennessee Federation of Labor. After studying labor issues at Oxford University, she edited the East Tennessee Labor News.
Randy Tyree (1940- ). Lawyer and police detective who gained fame for leading the biggest inland drug bust in American history, was later elected mayor. During his watch, he executed the World's Fair, often standing on podiums alongside fellow Democrat Jake Butcher.
Roland Wank (1898-1970).
Hungarian-born industrial architect internationally famous for his work with TVA from 1933 through 1946. Later consulted on the design for the UN building in New York.
Robert Webb (1919- ).
Founder and longtime president of Webb School (est. 1955), the most successful of many attempts to found a college-preparatory school in Knoxville. After his retirement as president in 1984, he has devoted his energy to philanthropy, especially the salvation of the Bijou Theatre.
Don Whitehead (1908-1981).
Two-time Pulitzer-winning war correspondent during the Korean War, Whitehead began his career as a reporter for the Knoxville Journal in the 1930s. Later, he authored books about the FBI and the civil rights movement. He returned to Knoxville in his semi-retiring years to work as a columnist for the News-Sentinel.
Christopher Whittle (1947- ).
Entrepreneur and the most nationally prominent Knoxville businessman of the late 20th century. Between when he co-founded 13-30 in 1969 and when Whittle Communications foundered in 1994, Chris Whittle led one of Knoxville's liveliest companies, which at one time owned Esquire magazine and later brought commercial television into high-school classrooms. A prominent philanthropist and booster of downtown and the cultural arts, Whittle's commitment to Knoxville survived every trial except bankruptcy, and when he left, he left a legacy of one extremely unusual building (now the federal courthouse) and scores of long-term residents, professionals who would never have moved here otherwise.
William Yardley (1844-1924).
Local black attorney and politician; teacher, former judge and alderman; popular orator in his 20th-century years.